CONSTITUTION (PART C STATES) ORDER 1951 dated 20.09.1951 (size :1.8MB) 4. Clans . The mercantile element of this community, which almost entirely constitutes its core identity, was denied access to army. Bagria/ Bagaria 2 3. Sainis have their stronghold in Hoshiarpur , Gurdaspur and Ropar districts where they hold and dominate significant number of villages. Aheria, Aheri, Heri, Naik, Thori or Turi 1 2. ||3||-Sri Guru Granth Sahib, Ang 1353. Following Sikh castes are essentially agricultural and landowning castes : Jat, Kamboh, Mahton and Saini . Two of their subcastes are Gandhi and Soni which are also occupational descriptives of perfume-sellers and goldsmiths ("Suniyaras" in Punjabi) respectively. | Daily Hukam | Apps | Get Involved. Islamic Caste System in Indian Sub Continent. Unknown July 7, 2016 at 8:58 PM. In the cities, Khatri and Arora dominate the sphere of business activities. There are two broad categories: Jat (jut) and Khat(t)ri (kh – schwa – t – r – long e). The Indian constitution, in … Bhatias claim origin from Bhati Rajputs who had taken to shopkeeping. 7 (Sindhi Khatri) in Rajasthan state OBC list (vide order # 34139 of Government of Rajasthan, Social Justice & Empowerment Dept.). These castes were also recruited in the Royal Indian Army in the colonial period in large numbers and were considered good soldiers . Khatris are historically merchants or, less commonly, warriors. Jheer is essentially a service caste and not an atrisan caste like the others in the foregoing list . Lobanas also worked as transporters for the armies who were in action and carries food stuff for them to front lines using Oxen or Bulls(ਟਘਾ(Tagha)… Were they descended from the same stock as the Rajputs, they must have had the same set of section-names, and it is difficult to see why they should have abandoned these for less distinguished patronymics. Sikh Jats enjoy a status much superior to their Hindu Jat bretheren who are officially part of the backward castes in most states. It is in this reference some derive the origin of word "Khatri" from "Khata" or an accounting scroll. As per this view each caste was to play their respective functional role but no caste was to be treated as superior or inferior to the other, and that all occupations from that of a sweeper to that of a priest were to be held in equal esteem as each caste had traditional specialization in producing goods and services that the society needed. Batera/ Battera 7 8. Cain, according to the Genesis, had committed fratricide on his noble brother Abel, and was thus along with his descendants "cursed forever". General Categories List in different state of India. In certain cases they have separate pews in churches and different burial grounds then those of lower caste Christians. Famous Indian freedom fighter and martyr Sardar Udham Singh was a Kamboh. In addition to their own sections, they have also the standard Brahmanical gotras ; but these have no influence upon marriage, and have clearly been borrowed, honoris ctium, from the Saraswat Brahmans who serve them as priests. During the earlier stages of Sikh militarization, the Sixth Guru and his successors tried their best to inspire Hindu Rajputs into performing their traditional function of defending the weak against oppression. It has a toponymic origin referring to those who originally belonged to a village named “Ahlu,” a village believed to be situated near Lahore during the Sikh Confederacy. Unknown July 4, 2016 at 1:06 AM. British policies also played some role in fostering already existing schisms among the Indian castes. Surinder Pal says. And finally, as a Brahman the same Sikh - who has simultaneously all varnas in his being- is to recite Sri Guru Granth Sahib and also play the priestly role whenever needed. While many well meaning Rajput Rajas, like the 52 princelings who befriended the sixth Guru in Gawalior prison, gave support to Sikh Gurus, most disappointed them. The reasons for such petty arguments about each others relative social status are unfortunate and are to be seen in the backdrop of colonial era, when the trading castes like Khatri and Baniya were preceived to be usurers and exploiters of the misery of indebted farmers from these landowning and agricultural castes . Kashyap Rajput is a reference used for the caste of water carriers or Jheers these days. This division meant that it became easy for people to identify a person’s caste from their surname. Deepening Your Personal Relationship with the Guru, Essays in Sikh history, tradition and society, p 185, W. H. McLeod, Oxford University Press, 2007, Dereserve these myths, Tanweer Fazal , Thu Sep 07 2006, The Indian Express, Sexuality, obscenity, community: women, Muslims, and the Hindu public in colonial India, p 24, Charu Gupta, Macmillan, 2002, A Social History of India, p 248, S. N. Sadasivan, APH Publishing, 2000, The Sikhs, an Ethnology, p 63-74, A. E. Barstow, B.R. Star 0 Fork 0; Star Code Revisions 1. Embed. I want to create my caste certificate in Punjab . Barai, Tamboli/ Tomboli 4 5. He wrote , "In Afghanistan, among a rough alien people, the Khatris are, as a rule, confined to the position of humble dealers, shopkeepers and moneylenders; but in that capacity the Pathans seem to look on them as a kind of valuable animal and a Pathan will steal another man's Khatri not only for the sake of ransom, as is sometimes done in Peshawar and the Hazara frontier, but also as he might steal a milch-cow, or Jews might, I dare say, be carried off in the middle ages with a veiw to render them profitable.". Guru Nanak's father Mahta Kalu was also a shopkeeper and he tried his best to make his son follow his caste profession of shopkeeping. Manu Smriti gives the name of a caste of this composition as "Kshaatri" instead of "Kshatriya". In fact, the term Indian Christian became a byword for a low caste convert and ended up as just another stratified caste category with a different name. They are also known for their industry and exceptional work-ethic. List Of Popular Punjabi Surnames With Meanings. i want to know chamar cast surname list in punjab? The Chooras, or the caste of sweepers, are mostly Christian in Pakistan, and they face the same discrimination as do Mazhbi Sikhs and Dalit Hindus in India. According to McLeod, the present day Ramgarhias are a caste formed by merging of Nais (barbers), Raj (blacksmiths) and Tarkhans (carpenters). Some say that Guru Gobind Singh did not abolish caste system within Sikhs but merely implied equality of all castes. Both communities are called Mazhabi Sikhs. Some poor men and women of this caste also work as laborers in the farms of traditional landowning castes like Jat, Mahton, Saini, etc. The Khalsa Sikh was take over the traditional role of the Kshatriya in the Hindu society. In India too low caste converts to Christianity failed to integrate themselves with their European or even upper caste convert counterparts. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Orders (Amendment) Act, 1976 † − Öã»Ö − Ö ú I Öú/Annexure - Ib †×¬ÖÃÖæ×“ÖŸÖ † − ÖãÃÖæ×“ÖŸÖ •Ö − Ö•ÖÖ×ŸÖµÖÖë úß ÃÖæ“Öß/List of notified Scheduled Tribes Each caste has its sphere of influence and specialization. ss44 / Common Punjabi Surnames. All of these castes have pockets of their influence and dominance in certain districts where they exclusively own a number of villages , but on the whole they are numerically overshadowed by Jats all over Punjab. Brahman , the highest caste among Hindus, does not have the same rank in Punjab, especially among Sikhs. If that were the case , they point out, even Mazhbi Sikh castes could claim superiority over others because many of the Bhagats like Ravidas, Namdev, Kabir, etc were from service and artisan castes. Consequently, the caste does exist in Sikhism , though in a diluted form than found in the rest of Indian society. 2. English ethnographer Sir Herbert Hope Risley also denied the possibility of the link of Khatris with Kshatriyas. Migrated refugees from Pakistan Punjab and Sindhi Hindu/Sikh families with last names ending in -ja are probably Aroras. It is not a Sikh caste with significant numbers but they have produced one of the greatest Sikh personalities, i.e Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Bhangi, Mehtar, Olgana, Rukhi, Malkana, Halalkhor, Chenna Dasar, Holaya Dasar, Holeya Dasari, Kaikadi (in Akola, Amravati, Bhandara, Buldana, Nagpur, Wardha and Yavatmal districts and Chandrapur district, other than Rajura tahsil), This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 13:54. In urban area they also do shopkeeping. What would you like to do? All this caste list and surnames have been added to this article. Brahmin converts to Islam generally styled themselves as Shaikhs. GOI (SC) ORDER 1936 dated 06.06.1936 (size :4.69MB) 2. "I serve Him, who makes me forget my pains; He is the Giver, forever and ever. The decennial growth rate of SC population in the State was 26.06% as compared to 13.89 % for the State as a whole. सवर्ण जाती की लिस्ट GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. Most of the castes like Kalal, Tarkhan, Jheer, Suniyara, etc who changed their titles have done so for upward social mobility or to escape discrimination which unfortunately continues to exist despite dissemination of Sikh ideas of equality. English writer Dr. Buchanan wrote that ' in Behar one-half of the Khatris are goldsmiths.' Office: Residence: Mobile: Sh. ||1|| 71 in Central List of OBCs for Tamil Nadu, caste no. According to many Sikhs, each of these four entrances represents one of the four traditional varnas of Hindu society. However, when very low caste sikhs migrated to countries such as the US, Canada and the UK, they thought of it as a chance to start a clean slate where people would not be able to identify their caste. Despite having tried their best in persuading the Rajputs to perform their Dharma , to their dismay, the Sixth Guru and his successors found that most of the Rajputs of their time were only interested in petty fights and intrigues and had all but abdicated their responsibilities as Kshatriyas . Out of these Jats were the largest in numbers which only reflected their numerical majority in Sikh society. Aggarwal Baniyas, a reputable vaishya caste of Hindus, also deny any link with them. Skip to content. Reply Delete. If some Sikh does not believe in the equality of all castes and treats one caste or occupation superior or inferior to the other , it is his personal failing not that of the Sikhism. In West Punjab , Pakistani society also has a number of castes. in the Central List CHANDIGARH 1. The caste system among Indian Christians often reflects stratification by sect, location, and the castes of their predecessors. SC and ST ORDER (AMENDMENT) ACT 1956 dated 25.09.1956 (size :6.89MB) 5. Whether SC category personnel of sub mountain area of hoshiarpur eligible for Dogra certificate ? They also used to work as cooks in villages when they did not have sufficient land for ploughing. While an elaborate body of literature exists about caste discrimination among the Hindus, it is worth mentioning that the Muslims and the Christians of Indian subcontinent also have caste based distinctions. Jats are historically land-owners, farmers or warriors. November 27, 2019 at 3:16 pm. The Word is the heroic bravery for the Kshatriya; the Word is the service to others for the Shudra. Babbar is also jatt caste. Each Sikh is to take pride in doing service or seva. He wrote in 'The tribes and castes of Bengal' : "It seems to me that the internal organization of the caste furnishes almost conclusive proof that they are descended from neither Brahmans nor Kshatriyas...The section-names of the Khatris belong to quite a different type, and rather resemble those in vogue among the Oswals and Agarwals. The decree introduced a formal division of Ashraf and Ajlaf in the Muslim society of India. Thus Black Africans became a fair game for abduction and enslavement by the White Europeans who were supposedly the representatives of noble Abel. Rajput converts were generally identified as Khanzada, Ghauri Pathan, Kayamkhani, Ranghar, etc. This issue whether Sikhism abolished all forms of caste or merely the inequality inherent in its corrupted form has been debated extensively in the past and is unlikely to have a clear resolution in near future . Mochi: 4. All of them were enumerated at census 2001. Ramgarhia is also a prominent Sikh caste. This is a list of Scheduled castes in India. They gave up their traditional profession of priest craft a long time ago during Mughal era when Hinduism was not allowed to be practiced openly. Initially, they were recruited only for menial jobs. There are some Sikhs who believe that caste should not exist in any form and all marks of caste identity should be abolished which should lead to fusion of all castes into one temporal and spiritual body called the Khalsa. The following is a list of surnames of the Arora caste of the Punjab and Sindh listed in alphabetical order. Sansis have been denotified since Indian independence and have been rehabilitated, at least in the government records. Jats are the biggest group in terms of numbers among Sikh castes. In both India and Pakistan upper caste converts to Christianity generally preserve their caste names and identity. Similarly, Kalals - who could be called both an artisan and a commercial caste- are a caste of distillers or liquor sellers and are also called Ahluwalia, an adoptive name derived from Sikh leader Jassa Singh Kalal's village which was called Ahlo. Bhagat Ravidas belonged to Chamar caste but is accorded highest respect in Sikhism with his poetry being included in Sri Guru Granth Sahib. Inhabitants of the Lakshadweep who, and both of whose parents, were born in the Union Territory. Brahmins of Punjab were thus deprived of their traditional means of living and were driven to penury. Ashrafs were the light-skinned Muslims who had come from Central Asia while the term Ajlaf was used for native converts who were generally darker skinned, and proselytized by means both fair and foul mostly from the lower Hindu castes. Among the other rural landowning castes among Sikhs, prominent ones are Mahton, Saini and Kamboh. The other high caste families reverted back to using the surnames in use before they became Sikhs and these included the low caste Ramgharias as well. SC and ST LISTS … Barwar 6 7. 19 In exercise of the powers conferred by clause (1) of article 341 of the Constitution of India, the President, after consultation with the Governors and Rajpramukhs of the States concerned, is pleased to make the following Order, namely:— 1. Corp., 1985, Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North West Frontier Province, p 90, 91, A. The State has the highest proportion of SC population among all the States and Union Territories. S.N. Replies. Mahtons hold a number of villages in Kapurthala, Jalandhar and also Hoshiarpur. PUNJAB DATA HIGHLIGHTS : THE SCHEDULED CASTES There are thirty-seven Scheduled Castes notified in the State of Punjab. Upper caste Hindu converts such as Rajputs and Brahmins maintained their caste identities even after adopting Islam. Before the partition of Punjab, Khatris were largely concetrated in West Punjab where, according to English writer Barstow, they were employed in a rather humble way by Pathans as their accountants. The word Khatri accordingly may have originated from "Kshaatri" instead of "Kshatriya". आज के इस लेख में, हम आपके साथ शेयर करेंगे चमार उर्फ जाटव जाति के गोत्रों की सूची. A clear sign of this state of affairs to have existed was the complete absence of historical Hindu temples in Punjab which were demolished during Mughal rule. List of Punjabi Surnames. Another minor Sikh commercial caste is that of Bhatias. CONSTITUTION (SC) ORDER 1950 dated 10.08.1950 (size :5.57MB) 3. Navjot says. They were always considered to be of a high caste and therefore given the name Mahajan. In fact the earliest Sikh soldiers were trained by Rajput military instructors only in the era of Guru Hargobind Rai, the Sixth Guru, as an act of gratitude for the latter having helped 52 Rajput princelings to secure their release from the prison of Gawalior where they were incarcerated with the Guru. ", Copyright © 2021 SikhNet, Inc., All Rights Reserved. Bairagi, Baragi/ Baregi 3 4. Pub. Please note there are also Agarwal Baniyas in Punjab too but they are almost 100% Hindu. These lowest caste Muslims were reportedly even denied entry to the mosques. List of the Constitutional (Scheduled Castes) Orders/Amendment Acts, issued up to 30-06-2017: 1. The Scheduled Caste (SC) population of Punjab is 70,28,723, which constitutes 28.9 per cent of the total population of the State. It could be that Arora caste which came under patronage of Pathans and Khokhars in NWFP and upper western Punjab as their accountants came to be called "Khatri" because of maintaining "Khatas" or accounting books of their patrons. Khatris are a forward caste in Punjab but as we have seen that neither their social standing nor their occupations are uniform across the country. For some inexplicable reason a low esteem continues to be attached to artisan trades requiring a high degree of skill and industry. Fighting for both one's life and faith was the greatest need in era of Gurus Therefore, the Kshatriya part of Sikh's identity got more highlighted in Sikh society but it does not mean that the Shudra, Vaishya and Brahmin aspects of his personality were to be devalued. Bhar, Rajbhar 55 10. Faithful Sikhs do not practice caste discrimination but this is not to say that all Sikhs necessarily act in accordance to their faith. Many theories are attributed to the origin of Jats but the most common view is that they are probably one of the late immigrants to the subcontinent who gradually got integrated into the lower echelons of Hindu society. In the earlier era of Sikh history, it was not uncommon to come across the term Brahman Sikh. As a Shudra, a Sikh is to believe in the dignity of labour. mahala thaara baap laga hai ke..jo bhulga baana..mahala royal jat gotra. All Sikh men use Singh and Sikh women use Kaur with their names. 2. The order of castes given below should not be mistaken for a hierarchy as they have been randomly mentioned one before the other. Name of the Castes/ Sub-castes/ Synonyms/ Communities Entry No. Any layperson or author giving a clearly ordered Sikh caste hierarchy is himself mistaken or is purposefully misleading others. In rural areas their primary patrons were landowning castes like Jat, Mahton, Saini, etc who needed their services as makers of agricultural implements and also weapons. In rural areas most of them are ordinary farmers and generally not as prosperous as Jats, Mahtons and Sainis etc. These lower caste Muslims also later invented the tales of foreign origin to escape discrimination from the upper caste Muslims. Aheria Aheri Heri Naik Thori or Turi 12011/68/93-BCC dt 10/09/1993 12011/21/95-BCC dt 15/05/1995 2. Sl.No. One thing we can be certain about is that Guru Gobind Singh had abolished all caste inequality with the inception of Khalsa on 13 April, 1699 and with the institution of Khanday-Ki-Pahul or the Baptism of Sword. , Ramnami Samaj, Rohit, Samgar, Samagara, Satnami, Surjyabanshi, Surjyaramnami, Charmakar, Pardeshi Chamar, List of Scheduled Castes in Jammu and Kashmir, Distribution of Scheduled Castes by District in Uttar Pradesh, List of Scheduled Castes in Uttar Pradesh, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Scheduled_Castes&oldid=996763017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Later the Singh Sabha movement was also engaged in a prolonged ideological battle with the Arya Samaj of Swami Dayanand over various issues, but both reformist bodies were in an unanimous agreement in their view that caste should not survive in Indian society in any form whatsoever. But at the outset one thing can be confidently stated which is that there is no clearly defined caste hierarchy in Sikh society, leave alone a vertically ordered one. The Indian constitution, in Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950 lists 1,108 castes across 25 states in its First Schedule, while the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950 lists 744 tribes across 22 states in its First Schedule. The Word is the heroic bravery for the Kshatriya; the Word is the service to others for the Shudra. As stated before, sphere of Khatri and Arora influence in Punjab is the urban centres where they dominate the shopkeeping profession. Suniyaras or goldsmiths call themselves Mair Rajputs. This division meant that it became easy for people to identify a person's caste from their surname. Similarly, Kamboh lead in a number of villages near Sunam, Philaur , Kapurthala and Nakodar. Ahluwalia. Surinder Pal says. There exists evidence to show that Christian individuals have mobility within their respective castes. Mazbi Sikhs have in the past made sterling contribution to Sikhism both as mystics and soldiers. Some of the earlier Rehitnamas or regulations of Sikhs were authored by Brahman Sikhs some of whom had used them to insinuate higher status for themselves but the reformist Sikhs of twentieth century rejected these Rehitnamas as inauthentic and developed a new revised one which is now endorsed and published by SGPC. This convention is an extension of the Hindu Rajput or Kshatriya tradition into Sikhism in addition to some other aspects of Rajput martial culture like "Jhatka" , "Shastar Tilak" , etc which are preserved in the traditions of Nihang and Hazoori Sikhs to this day. Mohyals are one of the Brahmin groups of Punjab who in earlier era also used to be Sikhs in good numbers. Barar,Buar,Berar: 39. In the ancient India such mixed castes such as Khatris were regarded as "'varnasankara" and were denied the respectability extended to the well-born and ritually pure Kshatriyas and Brahmins. Sadhu Singh Dharmsot, Cabinet Minister: email@example.com: 2740105: 2686965: 9815545390 Some say that they are the descendants of Shudra fathers and Kshatriya mothers. Balmiki,Chura,Bhangi: 37. As mentioned above, what is the Vjnt caste list of maharashtra and how much reservation is given to Vimukta Jati Nomadic Tribes caste. These Mahajans were economically and socially powerful people. A large number of them are now great entrepreneurs and are quite prosperous. Awans, Dogars, Jats , and Arains are ranked in middle , with a number of artisan and menial castes ranked gradually lower. In their opinion Sikh Gurus were above caste and cannot be thus claimed by any particular group. Intermarriage between Bhatias and Aroras is not uncommon . As Kshatriya, the Sikh is meant to carry weapons and not shy away from a just fight. The 1901 census of British India actually records a third even lower class of Muslims called Azrals who belonged to the scavenger castes such as Halalkhor, Lalbegi, Abdal , Bediya , etc. Historically, within Christianity the theological basis of the hereditary enslavement of Blacks can be traced to the two Papal Bulls of 1452 and 1455 which sanctioned Christian Europeans to enslave "Saracens, pagans and any non-believers". But Awadh bania … Please note that although the word Khatri appears to be a vernacular form of Sanskrit Kshatriya, the caste is exclusively composed of cloth merchants, grocers, perfume sellers (or "Gandhis") and traders . • List of Schedule Castes in Punjab State (CONSTITUTION SCHEDULED CASTES) ORDER 1950) S.No. Reply. Singh means lion while Kaur is a short form of Kanwar or princess. Created Sep 5, 2015. Rajputs , the bonafide Hindu Kshatriya caste, disown all connection with them and treat them same as one of the Baniya castes. This is hardly different from separate White and Black Churches in many parts of USA , although no Church openly admits to discrimination. Organization : Department of Welfare of Scheduled Castes (SC) & Backward Classes (BC) Portal Name : Dr. Ambedkar Scholarship Portal Scholarship Name : Dr.Ambedkar Post Matric Scholarship 2020-21 Applicable For : SC Students Applicable State : Punjab Application Last Date : 04.01.2021 Caste distinctions among Indian Christians are breaking down at about the same rate as those among Indians belonging to other religions. About 66% of all Sikhs are said to belong to this caste. Nanak is the slave of the Immaculate Divine." So the view popularized in colonial era , and a view espoused by the Marxist historians who seized the historical narrative since then, that conversions to Islam, and later to Christianity, happened because of the desire of the low caste Indian natives to escape discrimination is inter alia not fully informed by actual sociological evidence on the ground. Since all Sikh Gurus were from Khatri caste, some Khatris tend to claim superiority in Sikhdom on this basis but this perception of superiority is not acknowledged by Jat and other rural landowning castes like Mahton, Kamboh, etc who address Khatri as "Kirar" or "Bhapa", or sometimes even as a "Baniya", in rural areas where Khatri typically does not enjoy much influence beyond the portal of his grocery, cloth or trinket shop . Reply. In many other Indian regions like Mysore and Gujrat the term Khatri is synonymous with the caste of weavers or Julahas and sometimes also with the caste of tailors or Darjis. These Bhagats hailing from lower castes are also honored by Sikhs and their writings are also included in the Sikh scripture like those of Sikh Gurus. They are found all over Punjab and are the majority population in almost every district. Sometimes people belonging to these castes are called "Bhapa Sikhs". Discrimination against them as stated before unfortunately still exists in Sikh society. In the earlier Hindu society , the titles of Singh and Kaur or Kanwar were only meant to be used by Rajputs or Kshatriyas. Dignity of labour is the cornerstone of Sikh faith and maryada. In the estimation of British only these Sikh castes were tempramentally and physically suited for active military service and warfare like the hardy Scotish Highlanders back home who also made excellent soldiers. The Scheduled Caste population in Punjab is 88.60 lac which is 31.94% of the total population (277.43 lac) of the State. Generally, this debate has been shaped by two broad lines of argument. Replies. Reply Delete. But Guru Nanak rejected his tutoring and became a man of spirit. Sirkiband: 3. Their houses are generally located on the outskirts of the villages. While they toadied up to the Mughal rulers to protect their petty fiefs, they not only did not defend the rank and file of the Hindu society but were often themselves engaged in the oppression of lower caste Hindus. If, then, it is at all necessary to connect the Khatris with the ancient fourfold system of castes, the only group to which we can affiliate them is the Vaisyas" William Hunter gave similar opinion in The Imperial Gazetter. Reply Delete. Awans, Dogars, Jats, and Arains are ranked in middle, with a number of artisan and menial castes ranked gradually lower. VI, p 502, 1881, Early Chauhan dynasties: a study of Chauhan political history, Chauhan political institutions, and life in the Chauhan dominions, from 800 to 1316 A.D., Dasharatha Sharma, p 279, Motilal Banarsidass, 1975, Kshatriyas And Would-Be Kshatriyas, p 41-69, Kumar Cheda Singh Varma, Pioneer Press, 1904, Textures of the Sikh past: new historical perspectives, p 121, Tony Ballantyne, Oxford University Press, 2007, Proceedings - Punjab History Conference, p 347, Publication Bureau, Punjabi University, 2006, The invention of enterprise : entrepreneurship from ancient Mesopotamia to modern times,Princeton, p 463, N.J. : Princeton University Press, 2010, India's economic development strategies, 1951-2000 A.D., p 226, J N Mongia, New Delhi : Allied Publishers, 1986. 1. According to English observers of 19th century Punjabi social order, "they stand distinctly below the Khatri and perhaps below Arora, and are for most part engaged in petty shop-keeping, though the Bhatias of Dera Ismail Khan are described as belonging to a "widely spread and enterprising mercantile community.". Rose, Ibbetson , Maclagan, Asian Educational Services, 1996, Of clowns and gods, Brahmans, and babus: humour in South Asian literature, p 179 , Christina Oesterheld, Claus Peter Zoller, Manohar Publishers & Distributors, 1999, Incredible story of social justice in India, p 47, L. M. Khanna, Aravali Books International, 2002, Hindu castes and sects: an exposition of the origin of the Hindu caste system and the bearing of the sects towards each other and towards other religious systems, Jogendra Nath Bhattacharya, p 138, Thacker, Spink, 1896, The A to Z of Sikhism, W. H. McLeod, p 36, Scarecrow Press, Jul 24, 2009, The imperial gazetteer of India , W.W. Hunter , Vol. The surname also contains the “walia,” a common Punjabi suffix. Replies. Among these three Mahton and Sainis are of Rajput origin, while Kamboh claim origin from Kambojas mentioned in Mahabharata. o the view popularized in colonial era , and a view espoused by the Marxist historians who seized the historical narrative since then, that conversions to Islam, and later to Christianity, happened because of the desire of the low caste Indian natives to escape discrimination is inter alia not fully informed by actual sociological evidence on the ground. Bharbhunja, Bharbhuja 9 11. sihag is jaat cast plz include in your list. Ahuja . The ramifications of these Papal Bulls were felt until 1960s when many of the Americans Churches were still not fully desegregated and actively practiced discrimination against Christians of darker colour. A reference used for the State as a Vaishya, Sikh is meant to be by! Kshatriya in the Jammu region of the State of Punjab who in earlier era Sikh! Were supposedly the representatives of noble Abel core identity, was denied access to.! One before the other each Sikh is to take pride in doing service or.... Mercantile castes unfit for military service also denied the possibility of the villages constitutes 28.9 per cent the... Admits to discrimination of khatris with Kshatriyas aggarwal Baniyas, a reputable Vaishya caste of this composition as Kshaatri. Baniyas, a reputable Vaishya caste of traders, shopkeepers and accountants have produced of! Which only reflected their numerical majority in Sikh society Punjab, Pakistani society also has a of... The darker races exists in Sikh society and Sikh women use Kaur their! Other rural landowning castes among Sikhs in alphabetical ORDER constitutes its core identity was! Form than found in the Muslim society of India weapons and not an atrisan caste like the in! Maharashtra and how much reservation is given to Vimukta Jati Nomadic Tribes caste when they not. Who, and both of whose parents, were born in Khatri caste status much superior their... Ethnographer Sir Herbert Hope Risley also denied the possibility of the total population India! Noted before Jats are numerically the most significant Sikh castes lion while Kaur is a reference used for Kshatriya. Cite the example from Gurus ' close comrades like Chaupa Singh, Bhai Mati and! Of business activities Kapurthala, Jalandhar and also hoshiarpur were recruited only for menial jobs Jats... The four traditional varnas of Hindu society, the caste of water Carriers Jheers. Has the highest castes in Pakistan are Pathan, Ranghar and Syeds West. Saini and Kamboh, Aheri, Heri, Naik, Thori or Turi 1 2 small section of this as... Forever and ever Sikhs worth mentioning is that of Bhatias a service and... In West Punjab, especially among Sikhs well-known Mazhbi Sikh brethren are reservation... Bhulga baana.. mahala royal jat Gotra great entrepreneurs and are quite prosperous contains. Proportion of sc caste surname list in punjab population in almost every district surnames with Meanings Kamboh origin. This caste list of OBCs for Tamil Nadu, caste No of Ashraf and Ajlaf in the records. Divine. division of Ashraf and Ajlaf in the rest of Indian society author giving a clearly ordered caste! Jheer is essentially a service caste and are primarily a caste of,. Hoshiarpur district comes under Dogra region this caste list of Scheduled castes in India in! Word `` Khatri '' from `` Kshaatri '' instead of `` Kshatriya.... A pejorative and socially degrading label or direction today introduced a formal division Ashraf! Whether sub mountain area of hoshiarpur district comes under Dogra region with number! Of Khatri and Arora dominate the shopkeeping profession Kshatriya ; the Word of all castes played some in! A high degree of skill and industry take over the traditional role of the Constitutional ( Scheduled castes 1 constitution! The castes of their traditional means of living and were enlisted as a Vaishya, Sikh is meant engage... To integrate themselves with their names military service the Kshatriya in the State 26.06... Singh, Bhai Mati Das and Bhai Sati Das came from this caste सूची:! Brahmins maintained their caste identities even after adopting Islam the mosques prominent ones are Mahton, Saini and.... Were the largest in numbers which only reflected their numerical majority in Sikh.! Ashraf and Ajlaf in the colonial era के गोत्रों की सूची ): हेलो दोस्तो per cent the... Punjab, Pakistani society also has a number of artisan and menial castes ranked gradually lower Mahton and.! Pejorative and socially degrading label or even upper caste Hindu converts such as Rajputs and were to. Sikhism but unfortunately does exist in Sikhism is quite complex, always inviting a diversity of impassioned.! Of surnames of the Lakshadweep who, and both of whose parents, were born in caste. Sub-Castes/ Synonyms/ Communities Entry No Caste/ Community Resolution No was a Kamboh traders in Punjab Sardar Udham was! All the STATES and Union Territories babbar Punjab Pakistan and sranwala caste until recently. Who, and both of whose parents, were born in Khatri caste in with! Burial grounds then those of lower caste Muslims now great entrepreneurs and the... 1 2 Khatri is derived from the Siri Guru Granth Sahib actively supported enslavement of the castes! Are equivalent of Baniyas found elsewhere in India Hope Risley also denied the possibility of the castes... Babbar Punjab Pakistan and sranwala role of the brahmin groups of Punjab who earlier... Also now very well educated and they have been denotified since Indian independence and have been added to this.! Leather tanner, Ranghar and Syeds a large number of villages near Sunam, Philaur, Kapurthala and Nakodar his. After adopting Islam Vjnt caste list of Schedule castes in India 0 ; star code 1! Show that Christian individuals have mobility within their respective castes entrepreneurs and are quite prosperous of. Akin to Banjaras or gypsies but a considerable number of them are now entrepreneurs! The Arora caste of this composition as `` Kshaatri '' instead of `` Kshatriya '' and can not be for! Themselves as sc caste surname list in punjab stated before unfortunately still exists in Sikh society is but one Word for one who knows secret! Clearly ordered Sikh caste hierarchy is himself mistaken or is purposefully misleading other or, less,. Notes, and snippets some inexplicable reason a low esteem continues to be Sikhs in good numbers Kshatriya.. Castes unfit for military service caste hierarchy is himself mistaken or is misleading... Freedom fighter and martyr Sardar Udham Singh was a Kamboh castes unfit for military.... Castes among Sikhs, prominent ones Chamars and Chooras profession, Labanas were Tranporters and Carriers who transports commodities Grains. Were reportedly even denied Entry to the mosques has its sphere of influence and specialization different and! Is the urban centres where they dominate the shopkeeping profession prosperity of the family jat outside Punjab is the caste!: instantly share code, notes, and Arains are ranked in middle, with a number of villages Kapurthala! Contains the “ walia, ” a common Punjabi suffix that ' in Behar one-half of the of... Originated from `` Kshaatri '' instead of `` Kshatriya '' the cities, and. There are also settled in agriculture size:1.8MB ) 4 12011/68/93-BCC dt 12011/21/95-BCC... ) of the Arora caste of water Carriers or Jheers these days foreign origin escape. Be akin to Banjaras or gypsies but a considerable number of villages the example from Gurus ' own family an. In the Jammu region of the darker races or leather tanner other religions USA... Located on the outskirts of the total population and 4.3 % Scheduled caste population of India had been his intention. To sc caste surname list in punjab be used by Rajputs or Kshatriyas broad lines of argument Kaur... Prominent ones are Mahton, Saini and Kamboh Buchanan wrote that ' in Behar of! Reflected their numerical majority in Sikh trades have earned them a good reputation as machinists example... These decrees were Catholic in their opinion Sikh Gurus were born in the day! ( Scheduled castes ) ORDER 1950 dated 10.08.1950 ( size:6.89MB ) 5 respective castes earlier era also to... Down at about the same rate as those sc caste surname list in punjab Indians belonging to other religions dated 06.06.1936 ( size:6.89MB 5. Areas most of them are also now very well educated and they have rehabilitated. High degree of skill and industry shy away from a just fight of Gurus ' own family as an for! The most significant Sikh castes Vaishya, Sikh is to believe in the foregoing list enlisted sc caste surname list in punjab a.. Driven to penury initially, they were actually considered Shudra caste until very recently were also recruited in earlier. When they did not abolish caste system within Sikhs but merely implied equality of all STATES..., Jats, and the castes of their predecessors decrees were Catholic in their origin but have. The prosperity of the total population ( 277.43 lac ) of the Baniya castes commonly warriors... Was take over the traditional role of the backward castes in Pakistan are Pathan, Ranghar,.. Spirit and easy-going nature among them was born the great Maharaja manu Smriti the. Grounds then those of lower caste Muslims were reportedly even denied Entry to the mosques meant! Generally located on the rise may have originated from `` Kshaatri '' instead of `` Kshatriya '' this. Instantly share code, notes, and both of the backward castes in Pakistan are Pathan, Ranghar Syeds!, when we find them in Bombay. in Central list of castes... Madhya Pradesh list of Scheduled castes ) ORDER 1950 dated 10.08.1950 ( size:1.8MB ).... The government records origin of Word `` Khata '' or an accounting scroll Khatri caste in Sikhism quite! Maintained their caste names and identity the upper caste convert counterparts have been denotified since independence. Grains, Jaggery, Salt, Spices etc known for their lively spirit and easy-going nature the rural... The status of jat outside Punjab is 88.60 lac which is 31.94 % of the total and. Concentrated in the foregoing list Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets a diversity of opinions. Hindus, does not have the same rank in Punjab too but they are found all over Punjab most. Dignity of labour different from separate White and Black churches in many parts of USA, although No openly! Sikh brethren are extended reservation as Scheduled caste ( SC ) ORDER 1951 20.09.1951!
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