The effects of magnesium sulfate with those of phenytoin on the mother, the fetus, and the …
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The drug of choice for tonic-clonic seizures and tonic-clonic status epilepticus, phenytoin also treats complex partial seizures and prevents and treats neurosurgical-related seizures. Phenytoin is used to control seizures.It does not treat all types of seizures, and your doctor will determine if it is the right medicine for you.
It can also lower the number of platelets, which are necessary for proper blood clotting. PHENYTOIN TOXICITY • Phenytoin is a commonly prescribed anticonvulsant used to treat most types of seizure disorders and status epilepticus, with the exception of absence seizures. Phenytoin can temporarily lower the number of white blood cells in your blood, increasing the chance of getting an infection. Start learning today for free! nursing considerations - On the basis of single dose tests there are no clinically relevant differences in bioavailability between available phenytoin sodium tablets and capsules but there may be a pharmacokinetic basis for maintaining the same brand of phenytoin in some patients. The necessary metabolism of phenytoin to phenytoin epoxide, platelet binding and subsequent immune response would account for the delay in onset of thrombocytopaenia. Generic name: Phenytoin sodium Brand name: Dilantin. Nursing … Dilantin (Phenytoin Sodium) Patient Information. Phenytoin may produce falsely low results for serum concentrations of T 4 and T 3, and dexamethasone or metyrapone tests. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Phenytoin toxicity may be variable in presentation (Table 1). To Assess Patient Compliance (e.g. The solution is in a vehicle containing 40% propylene glycol and 10% alcohol in water for injection, adjusted to … The chewable tablet and suspension are usually taken two or three times a day. However, if your child is taking tube feedings, it is important to keep the phenytoin and tube feedings at the same time every day, to keep the blood level steady. JUST REVIEW.-administer at slow IV rate and in dilute solution to prevent adverse CV effects -administer IV route for status epilepticus-avoid administering to a client who has sinus bradycardia, SA block, or Stokes-Adams syndrome-encourage client to consume enough calcium and vit D-administer prophylactic vit k to mother for 1 month before … Its use has been criticized because of the maternal, fetal, and neonatal side effects and its tocolytic action during labor. Phenytoin (hydantoins) may produce lower than normal values for dexamethasone or metyrapone tests; may increase serum levels of glucose, BSP, and alkaline phosphatase and may decrease PBI and urinary steroid levels. Learn Phenytoin (Dilantin) - Antiepileptics - Pharmacological Nursing - Picmonic for Nursing faster and easier with Picmonic's unforgettable images and stories! Nurseslabs.com is an education and nursing lifestyle website geared towards helping student nurses and registered nurses with knowledge for the progression and empowerment of their nursing careers. Take phenytoin at around the same time(s) every day. • Reduces free thyroxine levels. Start studying phenytoin (Dilantin)..